Balding is a major concern for many. It's a fact that more than 60% of men and approximately 10% of women experience hair loss. Many times, we take hair care for granted, until we notice a significant thinning or a receding hair line.
As a part of the normal aging process, any individual loses approximately 30% of the hair during adolescence and middle ages. Hair transplant is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries performed for treating hair loss and baldness.
Hair transplant is a simple surgery where the surgeon moves the hair you already have to fill in the area with thin or no hair. The two main methods used are:
• Follicular Unit Strip Surgery (FUSS)
• Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
Follicular Unit Strip Surgery
In this surgery, the surgeon removes a 6 – 10 inch strip from the sets it aside and closes the scalp. This strip is divided into over 500 grafts. Each graft has just a few hairs. The type of graft usually depends upon your hair type, color and quality. It also depends on the size of the area where you are getting a transplant.
Follicular Unit Extraction
In this procedure, the surgeon shaves the back of your scalp and carefully removes the hair follicles one by one. This area heals naturally and your existing hair effectively covers it. The surgeon then cleans and numbs the area where the hair will go and creates holes or slits and places each graft carefully.
This process usually takes four to eight hours depending on the size of transplant you are getting.
What patients need to know about the surgery?
As with any surgery, counseling before the procedure is very critical. Patients must be educated in order to make informed decisions. Discussing the patient's concerns and explaining treatment options is highly essential. It is of utmost importance that the surgeon portrait a realistic picture of the results so that the patient's expectations are managed. Understanding the limitations of the patient's donor reserves and aligning their expectations for the outcome ensures that the patient is satisfied after the procedure is complete. This is why, the patient and the surgeon must have a complete discussion of all the available options so that the patient can make an informed decision about the surgery.
The future of hair restoration
Due to the medical advances in this field, the future of hair restoration technologies seems promising. Improvements in the treatments for hair loss control coupled with the minimization of adverse effects of this treatment makes transplant a sustainable solution for treating hair loss. Gene therapy may have future implications in hair loss treatments. Introduction of instruments those are capable of more accurately dissecting the grafts and placing them with speed and accuracy will clearly impact the future of this surgery. The strife will always always be to achieve near natural results. This procedure will always be an aesthetic procedure where the artistic skills of the surgeon are put to test.