Nearly half of the United States population experiences hair loss every year. The market for hair loss treatments is now earning $ 1 billion annually. Common victims of baldness are men during their 20's and baldness increases as they age. When they reach the age of 50, most males experience the male pattern baldness or MPB. During the 1980s, the most recommended treatment for baldness was medications that inhibit Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and other androgen receptors. Even though science has come up with a few treatments for baldness, the question of its efficiency and safety still remains.
Change in Lifestyle
There are many factors that affect male baldness. Some factors that are attributed to hair loss are genetics and exercise. Genetics play a major role in MPB that include the receptor levels: polymorphisms and 5-alpha-reductase. The distribution and density of these two receptors in the scalp affect hair growth. Baseline insulin and testosterone levels were also factors in hair growth. Short, daily workouts were more capable of maintaining the levels of insulin and testosterone without compensating muscle-building instead of a long workout every day. This type of exercise along with proper diet provides the right body and muscle without increasing hair loss.
Types of Hair Loss Treatments
The causes of baldness are as important as knowing how treatments work. There are several kinds of hair loss treatments. These include the following:
- Minoxidil: Evidence from many studies has proven its effectiveness in reversing baldness. Before, in the late 1970s, this drug was used for hypertension because it was a vasodilator. However, it was seen that one of the side effects of this drug was to promote hair growth and reduce baldness. The action of this drug in reversing baldness is still not discovered. Nonetheless, it was proposed that its interaction with nitric oxide opens the hair follicles. This drug also promotes the shedding of hair and is replaced by thicker hairs.
- Finasteride: Originally, this drug was used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia by binding to an enzyme responsible for testosterone conversion to DHT. The smallest quantity of this drug can work wonders. This was approved by the FDA last 1997 to treat MPB. It works on baldness found at the hairline and crown areas.
- Hair transplant: This surgical procedure involves the use of one to four follicular units that will be moved to the bald areas for hair restoration. The surgery involves implantation in large amounts and close distances. After the transplantation, the patient will wear a head bandage for 48 hours to enhance the strength of the scalp and increase the success of the surgery.
- Recent discoveries: It was known that caffeine had an influence over the stimulation of hair growth. This was proved through incorporation of caffeine to shampoo.
There are more and more scientific discoveries on hair loss treatments. Right now, as you are reading this, people are visiting this website to know the recent developments on treating baldness.