Keratin is a very tough protein commonly found in the skin's epidermis, nails and the hair. Due to its permeable nature, Keratin functions as the cell's protective material. In spite of this, there are instances that keratin production is affected by some hereditary disorders. Keratinocytes are the cells responsible for secreting keratin, and genes are the ones coding this tough protein. In order to build a complete protein, amino acids should be combined, which is indicated by the genes.

The following instances show how keratin and hair loss is connected:

• The function of genes is generally modified if it is mutated due to changes or alterations to the chromosomes' DNA sequence.

• One can observe the various changes to the body when the affected genes are involved in keratin production.

• Scaly-looking skin can be developed affected by keratin-involved genetic disorders.

• If the keratin involved is in the hair production, hair has a tendency to show signs of poor growth and may break easily.

Sufficient amounts of keratin are produced poorly when mutated keratinocytes in the hair follicles are present. There is a high possibility that the deleted keratin will be removed by the body, if the hair follicles produce any defected keratin. Also, there is a high possibility that the body will respond by removing hair strands when the keratin is deleted, thus, increasing the number of lost hair. Hair loss problems are caused by the increased number of defective hair strands during the dividing process of the hair follicle cell.

Listed below are the recommended treatments for hair loss involving keratin abnormalities:

• Chemotherapy

• Drugs with cytotoxic properties – works by eliminating defected cells and leaving room for the normal cells to divide. Hair growth can easily be achieved as merely the normal hair follicles react to the medication.

• Laser therapy – Using hair follicles, division of cells and hair growth are promoted by this process. Production of keratin by keratinocytes is stimulated by low laser intensity, wherein an increase in hair growth can be expected. This has been made possible for keratin serves as a building material for hair strands.

• Hair Loss Vitamins and Nutrients – These nutrients will assist in the process of maintaining the necessary amino acids

Keratin is protein and in order to promote its production, a diet rich with the protein nutrient should also be maintained. Likewise, keratin is made up of amino acids coming from the food we consume. In order to activate the enzymes and molecules that is involved in the keratin synthesis, vitamins and minerals should also be also added to the diet. Remember that keratin production and hair growth is affected by the deficiency of these essential nutrients.