Many people consider balding or significant thinning to be a fundamental sign of aging. Yet, this is not necessarily true: over 50 million people, both men and women ages 18 and up in the United States, are experiencing some level of hair loss. It can really be said that it's a normal part of life. More comforting is the fact that many are seeing good results from several styles of medical hair loss treatment. There are four types of treatment done today, ranging from medication to surgery.

1. Medicine

There are two FDA approved medical hair loss treatment remedies that are successful on the market today. Any brand name medication will contain one of the following two active ingredients:

– Minoxidil: This is available either in pill form or as a liquid or foam that is rubbed into the scalp twice a day. It's sold over the counter and has been shown to reduce thinning or regrowth in both men and women.
– Finasteride: This one is only available as a prescription pill, and is only useful for men. It has proven to be an effective option, but can run the risk of some side effects.

In both cases, patients will need to keep taking them for the effects to continue.

2. Transplants

These are generally considered to be the most popular variety of medical hair loss treatment. Here, the surgeon will remove a portion of the back of the head and attach it either strand by strand or in larger locks at the balding front area. These transplanted locks then grow in the new spot. While the procedure can leave the patient with some tenderness and pain afterwards, studies have indicated a high degree of success.

3. Scalp Reduction

Scalp reductions are not as commonly performed as the above, mainly because Surgeons usually prefer to avoid invasive procedures unnecessarily. That said, they can be an option for those who are not good candidates for transplant. For the procedure, the bald section of scalp is removed, and a fully-grown section is stretched to cover the skull. This can carry a risk of infection and can be painful for some time after the surgery, but it can produce the desired results.

4. Laser Therapy

This is a new, FDA-approved treatment option that has shown great promise in both men and women. An entirely non-invasive procedure, it involves the application of low-level lasers to the scalp, stimulating growth and bringing further loss to a halt in 90% of patients. Patients experience no pain or recovery time and under a series 30-minute sessions. As a new form of therapy, though, some may be hesitant to make use of it.

Before exploring your options for medical hair loss treatment, it's best to discuss your options with your regular doctor. Your history and health all play a factor in determining which treatment is right for you.